Tutorial 8

Tone and Analysis

What is Art?

Tone- how we say it

LOL at going to a lecture where they only talk in rhetorical questions –> they don’t actually do much, but confuse & take up space

Keep in mind gender-inclusive language


Hudson’s Bay Blanket- Europeans gave it to Aboriginal peoples with small pox to wipe out their population

Tutorial 7

IMG_0949Voice and Revision, Gender

Voice: convince academic audience

  • Topic sentence is important in leading the rest of the paragraph
  • Metacommentary- go back to what was said before, but say it again for emphasis with a new spin/ emphasis to clarify & expand on ideas
    • What you say + what they say + What you say (again)

Reverse Outline:

  • Thesis
    • Sentence 1, Paragraph 1
    • Sentence 1, Paragraph 2
    • Sentence 1, Paragraph 3
    • Sentence 1, Paragraph 4 etc.

Gender: Femininity/ Masculinity

  • “It’s a men’s issue.”
    • “John beat Mary –> Mary is a battered woman” – shows how language manipulates & there’s a power imbalance (Victim blaming is dangerous b/c we say it’s “her” fault)
    • Shouldn’t as questions about Mary, but questions about John (why did he do it? )
  • “The Dangerous Ways Ads See Women
    • Photoshop changes ppl. to fit societal “ideal”
    • Puts women in a passive & vulnerable position a lot of the times
  • “Everyday Sexism”
    • Normalizes sexual assault on streets

Tutorial 6

IMG_0948“So what” “Who cares?” “What is at stake?”

So what = why should they care?

2. The meaning of signs and symbols are often arbitrary. = we can’t use them b/c they mean different things in different social contexts

3. An academic essay should lead with a strong claim = a strong argument is needed to guide the essay

The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui Final Lines Discussion

Brecht- trying to say that Arturo didn’t have to come to power, someone (society) could have intervened

Removing of the moustache- shows Brecht’s “this is a play’ mindset so that people will not be so entranced by the technical parts of the play and can then have the freedom to interpret it by themselves

Story from the past tells us that it can happen in the future and that it is most likely happening right now.

Tutorial 5

Audience, Naysayers, Titles 

Audience: Write for intelligent audience, but not one familiar with content

Naysayers: present arguments from someone who disagrees w/ you (makes your arguments sound better when acknowledging other research out there)

Titles: Should relate to essay content – never use the actual essay question (subtitles are helpful)


Discussion Questions: 


  • Sweet: images & singsong voice = introduces tone
  • Mysterious: children’s whispers implies a secret unknown to the readers
  • Mother is very one sided thinking, but also represents the view of all of society at the same time
  • Daughter: obviously offended by the comment
  • Mother daughter have a tense relationship as mother wants her to be one way, but the daughter doesn’t necessarily see the problem her mother is trying to address

“This is how to make a good medicine to throw away a child before it even becomes a child.” 

  • Mother is asking too much for the daughter & trying to make her something that she is not
  • Mother is overlooking stage in daughters life rather than trying to work through it as a learning experience
  • This story can be re-imagined as advice from a father to son, but the gender roles will differ –> male would be asked to be more dominant

Incarnations of Burned Children 

  • “Hysterical Realism”: Wallace created sentences with growing detail using very specific words that make normal situations relate to blood & gore
  • Daddy Door: very slow motion to grow up anticipation


Tutorial 4

IMG_0946Punctuation = rhythm of speaking

Logos= word


Discourse==> Sign systems

  • Symbols only have memory socially
  • Curry power & Oppression

Tell vs. show

Dove Real Beauty

  • “real” means natural/ unaltered person or the national average
  • Society determines what is real or authentic by comparison to what media puts out
  • Peoples standards are at stake
  • Can’t trust ads for telling people what is real as it can’t apply to everyone
  • “beauty” = attractive/ symmetrical
  • “beauty is in the eye of the beholder”

“Real Beauty Sketches”

  • “Social Experiment”- they are trying to show a common trend
  • White women 20s-50s are portrayed (only 1 non-white)
  • Asians, Persians, people of colour are not portrayed
  • “Average” becomes what media suggests & women’s appearance is mainly observed basely by themselves

How we interpret things that happen around us (Phenomenology)

Tutorial 3

IMG_0945Summarizing, Paraphrasing & Quoting 

They Say: should be paraphrased/ summarized w/ citations

Modes of Writing

  1. Description -facts
  2. Narrative -telling of sequence of events
  3. Analysis- makeup (how & why)
  4. Argument-to persuade (express viewpoint)

Dolce & Gabbana: 

  1. Description: 4 males, 1 female
  2. Narrative: Man is pinning woman down while others watch
  3. Analyze: Man is showing dominance over woman he wants
  4. Argument: If you wear this perfume you can attract women (have dominance over them)

Tutorial 2

IMG_0947Historian– constructs a narrative of the past & turns it into a text things always happen in the past, but they are mediated by persons (Historians, life accounts) about discourse // narrative & texts

Issue in humanities = identity (race, class, gender) interaction b/w epistemology vs. identity does truth demand a co-relation

“they say” –> follow with why it is useful

Paragraph–> analysis= logical, rational & compelling argument think a skeptical is reading and suggest that you are wrong

“What larger conversation is your thesis responding to?”

“I” is only used for personal anecdote// relates to your life, but don’t do the “I believe” thing

Reel Bad Arabs- Politics influenced by Media Portrayal

END Thoughts: It’s clear now that these sentiments of “Bad Arabs” are not new to America… Donald Trump responds and outwardly address these sentiments of fear. Why does fear exist in the first place? Perhaps a lack of understanding as a result of media’s biased take on Arabs.